Eczema (Dermatitis)

Eczema, also called "dermatitis", is not a specific diagnosis, but is a category of many diagnoses. All of these conditions have similar pathology in that there is inflammation of the superficial skin layers resulting in redness, flaking, and itching. The cause of this inflammation differs and the treatments, while similar, have some important differences.

Conditions where dry skin care can be very helpful:

  • Atopic dermatitis is the a condition in which the skin is hypersensitive and easily irritated. This typically affects the front of the elbow and behind the knee, but any area may be affected.

  • Nummular Dermatitis is a result of excessively dry skin. Patients complain of rough dry spots on the legs that are about the size of a quarter or silver dollar.

  • Irritant Contact Dermatitis results after something, either a product, chemical, or mechanical friction, irritates the skin. It is often best to remove whatever is the causing agent.

Other Causes:

  • Seborrheic Dermatitis, also called Seborrhea or "Dandruff", is believed to be caused by a yeast that feeds of the oils in the skin resulting in flaking and/or redness. This is commonly mistaken for psoriasis of the scalp. Commonly affected areas include the scalp, smile lines, creases of the nose, armpits, and chest. Click here for more information about Seborrheic Dermatitis.

  • Allergic Contact Dermatitis is caused by an allergy to a topically applied product. Poison Ivy, Mango skin, and other plants are common causes. There are many other causes of allergies including make-ups, shampoos, hair dye, moisturizers, perfumes, cleansers, glues, dyes, rubber additives, and sunscreens, just to name a few.